There is no lack of business opportunities for multinational companies in Morocco. Formerly reliant on agriculture, mining and construction among others, the Kingdom of Morocco has been diversifying its economy since the early 2000s. The country has invested in emerging industries such as IT, aerospace, and telecommunications, creating a wealth of development opportunities for foreign companies.
But the development of new industries often means that there are few local workers with the required skills and knowledge to take on certain roles – and so, experts must be brought in to bridge the gap.
This is much easier said than done. Like most other countries, Morocco has a strict and intricate immigration policy that employers – and potential expatriate employees – must abide by to work legally in Morocco. Read on and find our step-by-step breakdown of the legal immigration process for expatriate workers in Morocco.
Before starting any administrative procedures or going through with any applications, employers must first ensure that the candidate they are interested in hiring meets the eligibility criteria for expat workers in Morocco. Indeed, Moroccan law specifies that any employer looking to hire an expat worker must first prove that no Moroccan nationals are available and/or qualified for the role. Employers can turn to the ANAPEC (National Agency for the Development of Employment and Skills) and ask for a certificate affirming that there are indeed no Moroccans who can fill the vacancy. Once this is done, the employer must also be able to prove that the expatriate candidate is qualified for the job.
That being said, there are a few exceptions to the rule, and it is not necessary for employers to prove that no Moroccan workers are available when it comes to the following people:
Once you have received the certificate from the ANAPEC – or if the candidate is exempt from the need for a certificate – the next step for employers is to draft an employment contract in compliance with the model given by the Ministry of Employment. Failure to produce a compliant contract may make your employment contract with a potential expat worker void. You may also encounter other legal issues in case of non-compliance.
To avoid these issues entirely and to focus on your expansion instead, outsourcing the compliant onboarding of expatriate workers to a capable service provider may be your best option yet. Africa HR Solutions will take on all the responsibilities associated with onboarding a new foreign employee, ensuring rapid processing, compliance, and overall efficiency. Find out more about our Work Permit and Immigration Services here.
A constant jurisprudence of the highest Moroccan jurisdiction considers that an expatriate worker’s employment contract is a fixed-term contract, even if the two parties – at the time of signing – intend for the contract to be an indefinite-term one.
In practice, these contracts are valid for a period rarely exceeding one or two years. A prudent employer who wishes to separate from an employee who has signed an employment contract anticipates the term and terminates the contract two to three months
Parallel to obtaining a work permit for their workers, employers should work on obtaining a Moroccan work permit from the Ministry of Employment for their potential worker. All the required forms can be found online, via the website for the Ministry of Employment or through the Taechir platform.
A copy of the company’s articles of association.
While it is not explicitly the employer’s responsibility to handle VISA applications for expat candidates, it is in their best interests to ensure that the latter’s applications are sent on time and fulfill all the requirements stated by Moroccan law.
To obtain a work visa in Morocco, applicants/employers must duly submit the following documents to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Morocco or to Moroccan embassies/consulates and other relevant diplomatic institutions. In the absence of such authorities, applications can be sent directly to the Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Department of Consular and Social Affairs, in Rabat. The visa will then be sent so the worker can collect it upon arrival at the airport.
It typically takes up to two weeks for a visa application to be processed in Morocco. But the waiting period can be longer according to the type of visa.
Such work visas are typically valid for a minimum of 1 year and up to 3 years after which it must be renewed.
Once the work permits and visa are obtained, expat workers should apply for a work residence permit as they will be staying for over 90 days in the Moroccan territory. Employees will have to go to either the Bureau des Étrangers, the Commissariat Central in major cities, or to the Gendarmerie in small towns and villages. They will be required to complete an application form, submit relevant documents (Passport, medical certificate, police certificate and more depending on several factors) and pay an administrative fee. Employees will also be asked to produce copies of some official documents. To note that these will need to be either in Arabic or in French.
With Africa HR Solutions, you can focus on what really matters: growing your business and achieving your goals. Our team of professionals is dedicated to simplifying the process of hiring expatriate workers and taking care of all the necessary paperwork and permits.
We understand that dealing with immigration and permits can be overwhelming, especially when you have multiple expatriate workers. That’s why we offer tailored solutions that meet your specific needs, whether you require individual services or our full EOR and PEO solutions.
And because Morocco is a country that speaks both French and Arabic, it’s essential to have a partner who can easily navigate the language barriers. Our bilingual team is equipped with the language skills and expertise to handle any communication with local authorities or other stakeholders.
In short, Africa HR Solutions is your trusted partner when it comes to all your immigration and permits needs in Morocco. Let us take care of the complexities so you can focus on what you do best – growing your business.
Grant Geraghty is the longest-serving member of the Africa HR team. This resident subject matter expert and client champion is responsible for gaining a deep understanding of our clients’ unique HR needs in Africa and providing tailored solutions that align with their business objectives. Grant collaborates closely with our clients to ensure that their requirements are properly implemented, providing ongoing support and guidance throughout the process.
Grant brings a wealth of experience to his role, having served as Africa HR’s longest-serving employee. He holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree, with a major in Economics and Business Finance, from the University of Natal in South Africa. Additionally, he has completed a certification program in Payroll and Tax Administration from the University of Cape Town, further enhancing his expertise in HR operations and compliance.
His commitment to delivering exceptional service and his extensive knowledge of HR in Africa make him an invaluable member of the Africa HR team.
Kevina Takoordyal has a BA Hons Business Management from the University of Glamorgan, UK, with MBA in leadership and Innovation, MBA General, PMP Certified, and Agile Scrum Master. She currently works as the Head of Operations at Africa HR Solutions Ltd with more than 20 years of proven leadership capabilities in Operations, Business Development, People Management, Process Optimization, and Project Management in the Financial Services, BPO, Banking Industry, and Heath Care Industry. In Senior leadership roles with an international footprint across Europe working and extensive Pan- African experience from a compliance, finance, and operations angle, Kevina comes across with a panoply of cross-functional skills. Kevina also serves on a few Boards, Non-Independent Executive at MioD and for NGOs on a voluntary basis, a coach and mentor to aspiring female leaders across Africa and Mauritius.
Kevina is a firm believer in Servant Leadership with a strong focus and commitment to uplifting others, with the ability to deliver through a highly engaged – diverse team, and works towards consistently synergistic value creation. While being a focused and adaptive thinker and Kevina is actively participating in panel discussions on Innovation, CX, Digital transformation.
Kevina serves as Project Assessor for the National Youth upskilling program. She has been recognized as Global Talent in a few companies, Ceridian, and International SOS Ltd whereby she has been awarded a few scholarships and had the opportunity to be mentored by Senior Vice President in the US. Award Winner in various fields and at a national level and recognized including Super Achiever Leader Award in Africa in 2016, Awarded Africa Women Leader 2018.
Viloshna is an experienced finance professional with 18 years of expertise in strategic financial planning, financial analysis, cash flow management, systems and controls implementation, financial reporting, and continuous process improvements. She currently serves as Head of Finance & Business Support, where she has successfully automated and leveraged the financial reporting system capabilities to ensure efficient company operations.
Viloshna’s background includes senior roles in a multinational pharmaceutical company and a large listed Mauritian conglomerate. Her meticulous attention to detail and strategic thinking have streamlined financial processes, making her a valuable addition to any finance team. Viloshna is a qualified finance professional with an FCCA qualification and an MBA, bringing valuable expertise to any organization.
In her current role, Viloshna leads the company’s Treasury and Payments function, including the fulfillment of the company’s cross-border payments into Africa. With her strong educational background and extensive experience, Viloshna consistently demonstrates her ability to optimize financial operations, minimize risks, and improve profitability. Her expertise in financial reporting and process improvements make her a valuable asset to any organization.
A qualified lawyer who joined Africa HR Solutions in July 2020, Mark Du Preez has experience working in private practice for a reputable law firm in South Africa. He also played commercially focused roles at a leading private bank, wealth management company, and outsourcing firm in South Africa and Mauritius.
Mark has played a pivotal role in Africa HR Solution’s risk mitigation strategy, which positively impacted P&L performance over the years.
He currently leads the Partnerships function of the company including relationships and oversight with in-country partners (ICPs) across Africa.
Alex has more than 15 years of experience in the global, strategic development of both enterprise and consumer brands in categories including technology, transport, enterprise software, entertainment, and travel.
With experience in roles on both agency and corporate side, he has worked across international brands and has led the development and execution of multi-discipline campaigns across EMEA, NORAM and Asia Pacific.
His focus is on driving meaningful business impact through brand differentiation and building high-functioning, digitally oriented, and analytically driven capabilities. He is motivated by working with, and developing dynamic people, teams, and organizations.
He leads, manages, develops and mentors the Key Account Management department, including line management responsibility for the team of Key Account Managers and Key Account Administrator who represent the Company as the primary communication link between all relevant stakeholders, including clients, third party in-country partners and internal functions.
Originally from Mauritius, he holds bachelor’s degrees in International Business, Finance and Management from the University of Nevada, Reno.